There Are Several Types Of Infrastructure That You Need To Know


Infrastructure is an asset (physical and non-physical) that is designed in the system to be able to serve the community. Referring to the understanding of infrastructure, there are several types of infrastructure that you need to know about. In the meantime, if you wish to read the news regarding the infrastructure, economy, and industry of Brazil, we suggest you visit the ABDIB website.

Here are some types of infrastructure that support our civilization:

1. Hard Infrastructure

These are all infrastructure related to the construction of public physical facilities. Some are included in the hard infrastructure including;

Irrigation channel.
And others.

2. Hard Non-Physical Infrastructure

These are all infrastructure related to public utility functions. Some of those included in non-physical hard infrastructure include;

Clean water supply.
Electricity supply.
Provision of telecommunications networks.
Provision of energy supply.
And others.

3. Soft infrastructure

Soft infrastructure is all related to the system, values, norms, regulations, and public services, which are provided by various parties, especially the government. Some of which include soft infrastructure including;

Work Ethics
Traffic regulations.
Quality public services.
Legal laws (trade, marriage, etc.).

Components and Examples of Infrastructure

Infrastructure built by the government and private sector consists of various components that support each other. According to the Integrated Urban Infrastructure Development Program, the following are some of the infrastructure components:

Urban planning.
City rejuvenation.
New city development.
City road.
Drinking water.
Solid Waste.
Flood control.
Improvement of the village.
Improvement of market area infrastructure.
House for rent.

Meanwhile, according to the APWA (American Public Works Association), the infrastructure component consists of the following:

Clean water supply systems: reservoirs, water storage, transmission and distribution, water treatment facilities.
Wastewater management system: collection, treatment, disposal, and recycling.
Solid waste management facilities and their management systems.
Flood control facilities, irrigation drainage, water catchment areas.
Cross-water facilities and navigation systems.
Transportation facilities: highways, railroads, airports, including traffic signs and control facilities.
Public transit system.
Electrical system: production and distribution to the community.
Communication facilities and systems.
Natural gas facilities.
Public buildings: schools, hospitals.
Public housing facilities
Recreation areas; city parks, playgrounds, and stadiums.

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